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Islay Goose Management Scheme

This aims to maintain sustainable populations of wintering geese on Islay while minimising the agricultural damage and economic losses they cause.

Scheme overview

Location: Isle of Islay

Goose species: Greenland barnacle goose, Greenland white-fronted goose

Population level: average count in 2016/17 – 46,713 Greenland barnacle geese, 5,299 Greenland white-fronted geese

Extent: more than 6,000 hectares of agricultural land

Number of participants: 100 holdings approx.

Duration: 4 years, from October 2017 to May 2021

Eligibility

To be eligible, agricultural land must:

  • lie within an area of high goose use
  • support an eligible crop in a suitable condition to attract geese
  • have an undisturbed goose feeding zone that occupies at least 60% of the holding

View a map of eligible fields below.

 

 

View the Islay Local Goose Management Scheme eligibility table

How to apply

You must identify on a map the locations of any areas to be managed under this option each year.

You must keep records of:

  • reseed frequency for pasture on your holding
  • stock turnout dates
  • sowing dates for spring barley
  • silage yield
  • cutting dates for silage

You should submit this information with your application to join the scheme.

Download the Islay Local Goose Management Scheme application form

Management requirements from 1 October to 30 April (inclusive)

Provision of undisturbed feeding refuge

  • Provide undisturbed ground for goose feeding on at least 60% of each holding entered into the scheme.
  • Apply extra fertiliser throughout the growing season to make the sward attractive to geese between October and April.
  • Apply fertiliser and use suitable seed mixes to establish productive grassland crops for the feeding zone.

Scaring

  • Scaring can take place on up to 40% of the holding area.
  • Lethal scaring is permitted from first- and second-year reseeds within the feeding zone and from any optional buffer area.
  • Non-lethal scaring is permitted from first- and second-year reseeds and from the buffer area.
  • You must get a licence for the lethal scaring of barnacle geese from first- and second-year reseeds in the feeding zone or from the buffer area.
  • Scottish Natural Heritage contract marksmen will regularly visit all licensed areas (from November to March).
  • You must let SNH contract marksmen undertake lethal scaring of barnacle geese, and obtain a licence on their behalf, if necessary.
  • Land managers who choose to undertake non-lethal scaring are responsible for buying and erecting any scaring equipment.

Payment

View Islay Local Goose Management Scheme Payment rates

  • Payments are based on the density of geese that the land supports during the scheme period (birds per hectare from October to April).
  • Rotational ground (reseeded in the last 7 years) attracts a higher payment rate than permanent pasture as it’s more productive and requires more frequent reseeding to mitigate goose damage.
  • Buffer areas attract a lower payment rate than the equivalent crop within the feeding zone as scaring can take place over this land (the calculation assumes scaring will reduce goose usage by 22%).
  • Minimum payment area: land managers must carry out a small amount of goose scaring and allow monitoring staff onto their land.

Monitoring

Goose numbers and distribution
  • Goose counts are carried out roughly fortnightly from November to March. A total of 15 counts are completed per holding per season.
  • Population counts (international) are completed four times per season: in November, December, January and March.
  • We use the 7-year rolling average to calculate payments.
Proportion of the goose population supported by the scheme

We use 2015/16 counts of geese at neighbouring goose roosts to estimate the proportion of the goose population supported under the scheme.

Damage monitoring

To measure the damage geese cause to agriculture within the Scheme area, and to detect whether their impacts are increasing/decreasing SNH measures sward heights and the extent of grass cover from sample fields. These measurements are undertaken annually.

Farmer perception monitoring

SNH issues a questionnaire at the start of the scheme and towards its end. This asks land managers about their perceptions of the scheme, their level of satisfaction with it, and levels of damage caused by geese.

Cropping practices

We monitor cropping practices to assess long-term trends in goose damage levels and the effects of damage on farming practices. A questionnaire is sent out annually prior to the start of the goose season to gather data on: reseed frequency, stock turnout dates, spring barley sowing dates and cutting dates for silage.

Inspections

The following checks ensure compliance with the scheme’s eligibility criteria and management requirements.

Before land joins the scheme, SNH will check its goose count data for the last 7 years and the current year’s Integrated Administration and Control System (IACS) data. The land will be visited before 31 December to ensure it meets the eligibility criteria.

Field size and boundary data will be checked against current IACS data before payments are made. Field size is checked, and payments are made, against the net field area stated on the current season’s Single Application Form.

While the scheme is operating, scaring activity must not be undertaken within any feeding zone fields other than the first- or second-year reseeds. Inspectors will note where and when scaring devices are in use.

If you carry out lethal scaring of barnacle geese, we will check that you (or the contract marksmen) hold a licence to do so on your land.

You must not shoot or permit shooting in fields where Greenland white-fronted geese are present and within the same flock as barnacle geese.

Holdings within Gruinart Flats Special Protection Area (SPA) have a low bag limit during November: you can take only one shot per flock on any single occasion and you must use a rifle.

Any first- and second-year reseeds must establish well. Fields will be inspected in the autumn for signs that the field has been ploughed and the crop has established. Where land is surface-seeded, you must also maintain records of fertiliser and seed purchases for inspection.