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Biodiversity - what can you do?

Discover how you can help to enhance biodiversity in your daily life, whether you’re at home, work or school.

Biodiversity for everyone

There are lots of things you can do to help biodiversity and there’s so much you can gain by getting out and enjoying our great outdoors. You can record what wildlife you see, help create wildlife habitats and encourage other people to help out too.

  • Experience nature on your doorstep. Getting active outdoors is easy, cheap, fun and good for your health. If you’re travelling further afield, consider lowering your carbon footprint by using public transport – Scotland has so many great places to visit!
  • Wildlife surveys. Citizen science is about volunteer participation in science projects. Through surveys, we can build a picture of the state of Scotland’s wildlife and determine what actions we need to take to protect it. Read these citizen science survey ideas and other great ways to get involved.
  • Buy local seasonal produce. Growing food needs biodiversity – from the insects that pollinate the crops to clean water and healthy soil. By buying seasonally and locally, you can support this biodiversity. You could also consider growing some of your own food.
  • Garden for life. Encouraging biodiversity in your garden will enhance biodiversity in the surrounding area. Encouraging bees and other insects, for example, could help pollinate both your own crops and those nearby. For ideas on how to increase biodiversity in your garden, see Garden for Life.
  • Volunteer. There’s so much you can do – from monitoring species to collecting climate data, such as rainfall. Find out how you can get involved in volunteering in the outdoors.
  • Get others involved. If you’re getting involved in biodiversity projects, tell people about it! You’ve made a difference, so why not get your employer, local school or local authority to do a bit more? Find out more about public bodies’ biodiversity duty.

Land managers

Much of Scotland’s biodiversity is found in and around farmland, forests or on sporting estates. How you use that land can make a huge difference. Find out how you can get funding and read advice on managing different types of land.

For more information, see grounds and habitat management

Marine users

A jewel in Scotland’s biodiversity, the seas and coasts are a great place to enjoy some of the best wildlife sights anywhere in the world. Find out how you can help manage our coasts and seas to preserve their biodiversity.

Even if you don’t manage the seas and coast directly – but enjoy their beauty and diversity – we can all minimise our impacts:


If you’re a teacher, consider how you can engage your students in a biodiversity project. Find out more about education and nature, including:

Find more information:


Scotland’s National Outcome for business is that We live in a Scotland that is the most attractive place for doing business in Europe.

Scotland’s outstanding natural environment can be an incentive to attract business. What’s more, a natural view from an office can create a sense of well-being.

Businesses can help employees and the public enjoy biodiversity by adding value to the workplace. Find out more about greening the built environment and green infrastructure.

Businesses can also help by contributing to Scotland’s carbon emission reduction targets by reducing emissions and working in an environmentally friendly way. Find tips for enhancing biodiversity on a budget and consider preparing a biodiversity plan.

Policy makers

Scotland’s National Outcome for the environment is that We value and enjoy our built and natural environment and protect it and enhance it for future generations.

Incorporating biodiversity thinking into policy is a ‘win–win’ situation: biodiversity can benefit from policy and policy can benefit from biodiversity:

Public bodies

All public bodies have a duty to further the conservation of biodiversity when carrying out their varied functions. This biodiversity duty also applies to the staff of those public bodies.

Whether your organisation is involved directly with green spaces or has only a small office space, find out how you can create a biodiversity plan. Read guidance and advice on helping to maintain and enhance biodiversity as part of your day-to-day activities.

Community groups

If you share a space with other people, think about working together for nature. Find out how communities can help the local environment. There is also plenty of support available for communities. 

Find out more

Biodiversity - where to find information