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Biodiversity - what can you do?

Discover how you can help to enhance biodiversity in your daily life, whether you’re at home, work or school.

Biodiversity for everyone

There are lots of things you can do to help biodiversity and there’s so much you can gain by getting out and enjoying our great outdoors. You can record what wildlife you see, help create wildlife habitats and encourage other people to help out too.

  • Experience nature on your doorstep. Getting active outdoors is easy, cheap, fun and good for your health. If you’re travelling further afield, consider lowering your carbon footprint by using public transport – Scotland has so many great places to visit!
  • Wildlife surveys. Citizen science is about volunteer participation in science projects. Through Citizen Science survey ideas, we can build a picture of the state of Scotland’s wildlife and determine what actions we need to take to protect it. Have a look at these great ways to get involved or discover where you can find biodiversity data.
  • Buy local seasonal produce. Growing food needs biodiversity – from the insects that pollinate the crops to clean water and healthy soil. By buying seasonally and locally, you can support this biodiversity. You could also consider growing some of your own food.
  • Garden for life. Encouraging biodiversity in your garden will enhance biodiversity in the surrounding area. Encouraging bees and other insects, for example, could help pollinate both your own crops and those nearby. For ideas on how to increase biodiversity in your garden, see Garden for Life.
  • Volunteer. There’s so much you can do – from monitoring species to collecting climate data, such as rainfall. Find out how you can get involved in volunteering in the outdoors.
  • Get others involved. If you’re getting involved in biodiversity projects, tell people about it! You’ve made a difference, so why not share it on social media, in your school or in the workplace? 

Land managers

Much of Scotland’s biodiversity is found in and around farmland, forests or on sporting estates. How you use that land can make a huge difference. Find out how you can get funding and read advice on managing different types of land. For more information, see grounds and habitat management.

Marine users

Find out how you can help manage our coasts and seas to preserve their biodiversity. Even if you don’t manage the seas and coast directly – but enjoy their beauty and diversity – we can all minimise our impacts:


If you’re a teacher, consider how you can engage your students in a biodiversity project. Find out more about education and nature, including:


Scotland’s National Outcome for business states we successfully attract and retain new talent, and fully support business and social enterprise.  Our achievements are underpinned by a strong culture of research, innovation and development. 

Scotland’s outstanding natural environment can be an incentive to attract business, and helping employees and the public enjoy biodiversity will add value to the workplace and increase well-being. Greening the built environment and making biodiversity part of your day-to-day activities don't have to be costly. You can find tips for enhancing biodiversity on a budget and should consider preparing a biodiversity plan for your business.

Policy makers

Scotland’s National Outcome for the environment is that we recognise that it is our duty to protect and enhance these assets as essential to our economy, culture, way of life and the well-being of future generations. 

Incorporating biodiversity thinking into policy is a ‘win–win’ situation: biodiversity can benefit from policy and policy can benefit from biodiversity.  Read "What nature can do for you" by DEFRA, a report on making the most of natural services, assets and resources in policy- and decision-making, or discover the biodiversity policies most relevant to policy-makers.

Public bodies

All public bodies have a duty to further the conservation of biodiversity when carrying out their varied functions, and this biodiversity duty also applies to the staff of those public bodies. Whether your organisation is involved directly with green spaces or has only a small office space, it's a good idea to create a biodiversity plan. Make maintaining and enhancing biodiversity a part of your day-to-day activities through learning from our guidance and advice.

Community groups

If you share a space with other people or have a group of people that meet regularly, think about working together for nature! Find out more about how communities can help the local environment, and the support available.

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