This report outlines a national approach for the conservation of genetic diversity suited to Scotland and applicable internationally. To achieve this, we have identified a set of criteria for defining terrestrial and freshwater species of socio-economic importance in Scotland, and selected an initial list of 26 species.
This list includes species of importance using the following criteria:
- National conservation priority wild species;
- Species of national cultural importance;
- Species providing key ecosystem services;
- Species of importance for wild harvesting (food and medicine);
- Economically important game species.
Its application is not restricted to Aichi Target 13 as the approach is designed as a generic scorecard for genetic diversity. It is thus relevant to post-2020 Convention on Biological Diversity targets focusing on genetic diversity.