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Helping nature to adapt

Making use of nature’s capacity to adapt to change is one of our best tools for managing climate change impacts.

Helping nature to adapt will in turn provide us with benefits such as clean water, flood prevention, biodiversity and carbon storage. We will need these ecosystem services even more as our climate changes.

Acting on Adaptation Principles

So that we can help nature to adapt to climate change, Scottish Natural Heritage has developed eight Adaptation Principles.

We are putting these principles into action in our land management and advice as we begin to understand how climate change will affect habitats and species.

To help nature adapt calls for knowledge of the:

  • site and wider ecosystem structure and functions
  • habitats and species involved
  • projected climate risk
  • likely effects of climate change on the habitats and species

We test, refine and demonstrate climate change adaptation in our National Nature Reserves. We monitor our work to see which adaptation methods work best in which situations. Others can then benefit from the lessons we learn, and protected areas can be guided by our approach.

Read the case studies below to see how to turn our Adaptation Principles into action.

Measuring adaptation progress

SNH leads on a number of priorities in the Scottish Climate Change Adaptation Programme (SCCAP). Helping nature to adapt is one of these.

We must monitor our progress in this long-term activity to:

  • learn more about adaptation, a new area of policy and practice
  • stay flexible and respond to changing circumstances
  • see how our actions today affect outcomes many years into the future

To help us to track our progress, we have developed a set of adaptation indicators with ClimateXChange. These can be used to assess how well Scotland’s natural environment is adjusting to climate change.

A series of indicator cards will also be produced, to set out the latest evidence about adaptation indicator trends. Indicator cards help to establish baseline information and will show the Scottish Government where policy action is needed to encourage and strengthen adaptation.

View the example of the indicator card for snow-bed species.

Adaptation case studies

Taking an adaptive approach: sea level rise and restoring the natural mobility of the Culbin sand dunes

Reducing other pressures: reversing a legacy of water pollution at Loch Leven National Nature Reserve

Making space for natural processes: forest to bog restoration at RSPB Forsinard Flows Reserve

Enhance opportunities for species to disperse: helping montane willows

Improving habitat management : restoring a lowland raised bog at Blawhorn Moss National Nature Reserve

Planning for change: managing Scotland’s pinewoods in a changing climate

Considering translocation: learning lessons from lichens at Creag Meagaidh National Nature Reserve


Climate change adaptation is also an important element of many species conservation projects. Read the example below, on how restoring riparian woodland can help upland rivers to adapt to climate change.

Pearls in Peril helps protect upland rivers from extreme temperatures