Though honey bees and bumble bees are probably the bees best known to most people, Scotland is home to many other related species.
Solitary bees are so called because they don’t live in colonies, but instead make individual nests in which to rear their young. There are some 200 solitary bee species in the UK, including mason bees, miner bees and leafcutter bees. Most of them pollinate a variety of crops and wild plants.
This booklet provides an identification key to 14 of the most common and fairly distinctive species of solitary bees known in Scotland.