Planning and development: Birds

Development proposals should include measures to avoid disturbance to birds

The law protects most birds from disturbance. This is because it can adversely affect birds’ breeding success and, ultimately, their numbers and distribution.

Identifying how birds use a site is key to working out how to avoid adverse impacts and committing an offence. You may even be able to enhance bird habitat as part of the development. 

Our guidance can help planners and developers to take proper account of the possible impacts on birds of various types of development.

Our guidance

Survey methods

Capercaillie survey methods

Bird breeding season dates in Scotland

Environmental Impact Assessment

Review of disturbance distances in selected bird species

Assessing connectivity with Special Protection Areas

Gull foraging offshore and onshore: developing apportioning approaches to casework

Environmental Statements and annexes of environmentally sensitive bird information

Mitigation measures

Dealing with construction and birds

Implications of additional protection for hen harrier, red kite and golden eagle under Schedules A1 & 1A of Wildlife and Countryside Act (1981)

The use of helicopters and aircraft in relation to disturbance risks to Schedule 1 & 1A raptors and wider Schedule 1 species


Last updated: