Scotland's Biodiversity Strategy Consultation

In light of mounting evidence that Scotland continues to experience dramatic declines in biodiversity, the Scottish Government is proposing an ambitious new strategy to halt biodiversity loss by 2030 and reverse it by 2045.  

A consultation, open for three months, invites views on the new strategy - including its long-term ambition and vision of what our natural environment needs to look like in 2045 if we are to be successful. 

The overall aim of the new strategy is to deliver the transformational change needed to protect and restore terrestrial, freshwater and marine biodiversity in Scotland. The consultation contains a series of proposed outcomes setting out what needs to be done and the conditions that must be in place, in order to achieve success. 


    We want to hear your views on our ideas
    for how we make this happen.

    Learn more and get involved in the consultation.

    The proposed vision

    A full description provided at the bottom of this page

    Infographic description at foot of page 

    Watch these short videos to find out what the Scottish Biodiversity strategy is all about. Listen to the evidence and why biodiversity is important to us and the environments that surround us.

    How do we make it a success and what will it look like in 2045?

    An Introduction
    with Nick Halfhide

    Freshwater Environments
    with Neil Mitchell

    The Evidence of Biodiversity Loss
    with David O'Brien

    Coastal Environments
    with Corallie Hunt

    Rural Environments
    with Kirsten Brewster

    Urban Environments
    with Ivan Clark

    Marine Environments
    with Ruth Paterson

    Conditions for success
    with Dougie Pollok

    Scotland's Biodiversity Strategy - What is it? 

    The original strategy – Scotland’s Biodiversity: It’s in Your Hands – was published in 2004. In 2013, it was supplemented by the 2020 Challenge for Scotland’s Biodiversity. The two documents together now constitute the Scottish Biodiversity Strategy. The 2020 Challenge for Scotland’s Biodiversity sets out the major steps needed to improve the state of nature in Scotland. The work needed to deliver this is, however, complex and challenging.

    In December 2020 the Scottish Government published the Scottish Biodiversity Strategy Post-2020: A Statement of Intent. This paved the way for a new, ambitious 25-year strategy which will supersede the 2020 Challenge strategy. The consultation, now live, seeks your views – please click on the link above to have your say.  

    Infographic description

    The 'Proposed vision' infographic shows a timeline from 1970 to 2045 depicting biodiversity (examples of flora and fauna) declining and then regenerating by 2045. Its starts with images of how land and sea was used in the 1970s, such as farming, a factory and a fishing trawler. As the timeline progresses its shows a decline in biodiversity and then portrays the decline ending by around 2030. From 2030 to 2045, the image shows how land and sea might be used as biodiversity is substantially regenerated.

    The image includes the proposed Scottish Biodiversity Strategy vision text, stating: By 2045 we will have substantially restored and regenerated biodiversity across our land, freshwater and seas. Our natural environment of plants, animals, insects, aquatic life and other species will be richly diverse, thriving, resilient and adapting to climate change. Everyone will understand the benefits from and importance of biodiversity and will play their role in the stewardship of nature in Scotland for future generations.