Arable farmland and the River Tay in the Carse of Gowrie. ©Lorne Gill/SNH. For information on reproduction rights contact the Scottish Natural Heritage Image Library on Tel. 01738 444177 or

Biodiversity Challenge Fund - outcomes and eligibility



In May 2019 the Intergovernmental Science-Policy Platform on Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services (IPBES) described the prevalence of five direct drivers that are causing the loss of biodiversity and substantially reducing what nature can provide for people.  Climate change makes all factors more significant in impact and we are seeking to support targeted nature-based solutions that help to tackle the climate emergency. 

IPBES direct drivers of biodiversity loss

The high-level priorities of the fund align with the IPBES direct drivers of biodiversity loss:

  • Land and sea-use change.
  • Direct exploitation of organisms.
  • Climate change and its impacts.
  • Pollution.
  • Invasive non-native species (INNS)

Priority areas for action

  • Habitat management and connectivity
  • Hydrological change
  • Urbanisation
  • INNS
  • Marine

All project proposals must demonstrate how the work will help to address climate change.  This driver intensifies other pressures on nature.  Projects should incorporate nature-based solutions that help address climate change. 

The type of projects which will be funded

To achieve the level of change required to meet Scotland’s biodiversity and climate change commitments, we want to fund projects that:

  • Are ambitious and will make a demonstrable, and measurable, impact
  • Seek to address the drivers of biodiversity change with action preferably focused on causes rather than symptoms
  • Make connections on the ground and link actions and/or projects, increasing resilience in those habitats and species most at risk.